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Cervical Myelopathy

Overview | Causes | Symptoms | Diagnosis | Treatment | Physical Therapy

Overview
Cervical myelopathy is a disorder where the spinal cord compresses the nerves in your neck.

Causes
The cause of cervical myelopathy may be degenerative. However, it may also be caused by a slipped disc, spinal tumors, and traumatic injury.

Symptoms
Pain, tingling, or numbness in shoulders, arms, or legs.
Trouble walking or balancing
Muscle weakness
Problems flexing the neck
Light Headedness
More serious symptoms can include problems with fine motor control, irregular movements, loss of bowel or bladder functin and weakness below the waist or in all four limbs.

Diagnosis
A physical exam will be done obtaining your medical history and symptoms. Your doctor may use the diagnostic tools below:
X-ray
MRI scan
Ct Myelogram
Electromyography (EMG)

Treatment
Depending on your symptoms and degree of myelopathy conservative treatment may be used, such as:

Physical Therapy
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Pain Management

If a surgical approach is required your doctor may perform one of the following:
Discectomy
Laminectomy
Cervical fusion